Hydrotherapy is a physical therapy that involves exercises in water. It is also referred to as aquatic therapy/ rehabilitation, water therapy, or pool therapy. The pool provides a controllable environment for strengthening weak muscles and developing various skills.
Sports medicine, work conditioning, joint replacements, and back rehabilitation programs are some of the areas of orthopaedics where hydrotherapy can promote early restoration of function. It is also an option for persons who are unable to participate in land-based exercise due to recent surgery, acute orthopaedic or neuromuscular injury, rheumatological disease, or neurological impairment.
Earlier rehabilitation is facilitated, as patients report that movement in the water is easier and less painful. It can be used quite effectively to develop muscular and cardiovascular endurance and improve balance as well.